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Myths and Facts About Vaccines

What effects to vaccines have on people?

Many+myths+are+perpetuated+about+vaccines.
Many myths are perpetuated about vaccines.

Many myths are perpetuated about vaccines.

huffingtonpost.com

huffingtonpost.com

Many myths are perpetuated about vaccines.

Isabel Molina, Writing Editor

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MYTH:  Vaccines have harmful side effects and can in some cases, be fatal.

Fact:  Vaccines are extremely safe.  Most side effects are not too common and only consist of soreness from the shot and maybe mild sickness.  Extreme cases are very rare.

MYTH:  Mercury in vaccines is dangerous.

Fact:  There is no evidence to suggest that what is put in vaccines is dangerous.  Thiomersal is an organic compound that contains mercury and this is in vaccines, however, this compound in vaccines is not harmful.

MYTH:  Vaccines cause autism.

Fact:  A 1998 study published by a British doctor named Andrew Wakefield concluded that vaccines do cause autism and this myth has been perpetuated and continues to be present day.  In this study, 12 children were given M.M.R. shots (measles, mumps, and rubella).  His study concluded that vaccines cause damage to the immune system, intestinal system, and finally, the brain.  Many epidemiologists discredited his work for his extremely small test group of 12 children and falsified data.  The British Medical Journal called his work “fraudulent” and British medical authorities took away his license.  No other researchers were able to replicate his data and his paper was retracted from the Lancet, the renowned medical journal.

MYTH:  If other children are vaccinated, mine do not need to be.

Fact:  The immunity of society depends on ‘herd immunity.’  This means that 95% of children need to be immunized to prevent an outbreak.  A child is 22 times more likely to come down with measles if he or she is not vaccinated.

MYTH:  Vaccines can give children the disease it is supposed to prevent.

Fact:  Preliminary polio viruses were made from a live version of the virus, but vaccines are not made like that anymore.  Most are made with a dead version of the virus, thus cannot get sick from it.  Some are made from a weakened version of the virus that also will not give children the virus.  It merely lets the immune system experience a harmless version of the virus to be able to fight against it in the future.

MYTH:  Eradicated diseases do not need to be vaccinated against.

Fact:  Diseases have been eradicated because of vaccines.  There are still versions of certain diseases that exist and when children are not vaccinated against them, these diseases come roaring back.  There has been a recent outbreak in California of the measles virus.  There have been 91 confirmed cases.  58 of these were linked to a sick child who visited Disneyland or a person who came into contact with someone who went there.

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